Székesfehérvár


The city of Székesfehérvár- located in central Hungary- is one of the largest cities in the country. Székesfehérvár was the capital of Hungary in the Middle Ages. Now the city is regional capital of Central Transdanubia, the centre of Fejér County and Székesfehérvár District.

The place has been inhabited since the 5th century BC.The town was founded in 972 by High Prince Géza on four islands in the moors of the streams Gaja and Sárvíz.

St. Stephen (the first king of Hungary- ruled: 1000- 1038)granted town rights to the settlement, surrounded the town with a plank wall, had a provosty and a school built. Under his rule began the construction of the Székesfehérvár Basilica The settlement had about 3,500 inhabitants at this time and was the royal seat for hundreds of years. 43 kings were crowned in Székesfehérvár (the last one in 1526) and 15 kings were buried here (the last one in 1540).

In the 12th century, the town prospered: churches, monasteries, and houses were built. It was an important station on the pilgrim road to the Holy Land. Andrew II issued the Golden Bull here in 1222. The Bull included the rights of nobles and the duties of the king, and the Constitution of Hungary was based on it until 1848.

The city was under Ottoman occupation for 145 years, until 1688. The Ottomans destroyed most of the city, they demolished the cathedral and the royal palace, and they pillaged the graves of kings in the cathedral.

The city began to prosper again only in the 18th century. It had a mixed population, Hungarians, Serbs, Germans, and Moravians.

In 1703, Székesfehérvár regained the status of a free royal town.

By the 1970s, Székesfehérvár had swelled to more than 100,000 inhabitants (in 1945 it had only about 35,000). Several housing estates were built, but the city centre was able to preserve its Baroque atmosphere. The most important Baroque buildings are the cathedral, the episcopal palace and the city hall.

In the past few decades, archaeologists excavated medieval ruins (that of the Romanesque basilica and the mausoleum of St. Stephen of Hungary) that can be visited now.

City tour


Sightseeing in Székesfehérvár

Tour starts: 9:00 Meeting point: In Front of the Hotel Szent Gellért

Duration: 5 hours

Language: English

Tour price: 45 EUR per person (min 15 Persons)

Price includes: entry into Bory Castle, lunch, wine tasting

Program

Walking tour in city center, visit Bory Castle, lunch in Mór with wine tasting.

Bory Castle: The Castle is a handmade castle by a hungarian scluptor and architect, and it is not a real historical castle it was built between 1879-1959.

Mór (German: Moor) is a town in Fejér county, Hungary. The historic roots of the present town go back to the Celtic an Roman Period. The wine region of Mór is famous, antiquarian artefacts show that vine groving occurred even in the Roman period. Ezerjó is the most important type of wine Mór, which belongs to the Hungaricums. Ezerjó is a heavy, ripening late sort of wine.

Excursion to Budapest

Tour starts: 8:30 Meeting point: In Front of the Hotel Szent Gellért

Duration: 6 hours

Language: English

Tour price: 75 EUR per person (min 15 persons)

Price includes: lunch

Program

See all the major Budapest tourist attractions:

Heroes’ Square, Vajdahunyad castle, Széchenyi Thermal Bath, Andrassy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House, Grand Synagogue, St. Stephen’s Basilica, Parliament, Buda Castle(walking tour) Matthias Church, Fisherman's Bastion, Gellért Hill(walking tour), Citadel, lunch